In6Days
The Origin of Life

It is I who made the earth and created mankind on it. My own hands stretched out the heavens; and I marshaled their starry hosts. Isaiah 45:12 NKJV

Cell Theory
Observation indicates that there are numerous and diverse life forms on, in, and flying over the earth and common sense tells us there had to be a cause that created life. The cause that gave birth to the first cell, according to evolutionary theory, was a natural force which brought together the chemicals in a hostile pre-biotic environment of a young earth. The Biblical account states that all species were created by God as fully formed creatures. Both beliefs cannot be true. Cell Theory states that all organisms consist of one or more cells and that all cells are generated from existing cells: a process called biogenesis. Cell Theory is a tested, scientifically proven, and scientifically accepted principle.

Cell theory refers to the idea that cells are the basic unit of structure in every living thing. ... This theory is one of the foundations of biology. The theory says that new cells are formed from other existing cells, and that the cell is a fundamental unit of structure, function, and organization of all living organisms.
Princeton University: Cell Theory

Evolution and Cell Theory
Evolutionists believe that a natural event occurred several billion years ago which caused the creation of the first single-celled organism. The naturally created cell (without benefit of design or intelligence) is said to have increased in complexity over time to form all species, both extinct and those currently in existence.

Evolution has it that the principles of cell theory must have emerged several billion years ago and only after the miraculous creation of life in the primordial soup. This supposed one-time occurrence is referred to as abiogenesis, the formation of life by a chemical reaction.

For 80 years it has been accepted that early life began in a 'primordial soup' of organic molecules before evolving out of the oceans millions of years later. Today the 'soup' theory has been turned over in a pioneering paper in BioEssays which claims it was the Earth's chemical energy, from hydrothermal vents on the ocean floor that kicked-started early life..
(EV) New research rejects 80-year theory of 'primordial soup' as the origin of life,
Wiley-Blackwell. Science Daily, Feb. 3, 2010.

It is not surprising that long-held evolutionary pronouncements regarding the birth of the first cell have existed without evidence and are now beibg replaced by newer hypotheses, also lacking evidential support. Is it accurate science to suggest that the once accepted primordial soup argument for the origin of life can now be replaced by a "pioneering paper" supported by words and thoughts alone?

An excerpt in an early paragraph of the article states, "These "catalytic" cells generated lipids, proteins and nucleotides which may have given rise to the first true cells."

The referenced "pioneering work" may have overlooked the fact that Cell Theory still remains as proven science and is in conflict with the premise of the pioneering paper.

Scientific discovery requires an objective analysis of the available evidence and evolutionary theory is not excluded from this process. Therefore, the entire Theory of Evolution cannot effectively be proven without the ability to test the abiogenesis hypothesis. The lack of a cause for the origin of life should be reason to reject evolution as a scientific endeavor.

Genesis and Cell Theory
The Genesis account states that God created plant life on Day 3, sea life and flying creatures on day 5, and land animals and humans on Day 6. There is no reference to life prior to Day 3 and a requirement for the specific creation of a single original cell is not necessary for the creationist. Each creature came into being fully formed "after their kind", consisting of from one to several trillion cells with the appropriate DNA, depending upon the complexity of the species. This acceptance of the origin of life by faith is given support as we realize that the science of cell theory provides no alternative.

The human body consists of 3+ trillion cells, although estimates vary greatly. It may be surmised that the DNA of each created kind had the genetic disposition necessary to birth the diversity of life within their respective species. The Creation account is often considered to be just a children's story by many in our present day culture. The evolutionist counters with an account for the origin of life with a fully formed natural (miraculous) creation of a single cell for which no evidence exists, but somehow passes as proven science.

Cell Structure
A cell is life, and has a design complexity that far surpasses the combined capabilities of the greatest minds in science and engineering. Man has been given the ability and the creative desire to develop medicines, cure diseases, receive images from satellites sent to the farthest reaches of the Solar System, and build a space station. With all of our knowledge and capability, a single cell cannot be created from raw chemicals. A simplified overview of a cell follows (click on the images to enlarge and view more descriptive information):

Cell Membrane Cell Structure
Images courtesy of Wikimedia Commons; http://commons.wikimedia.org; last modified 18 May 2012

The above images clearly indicate that a single cell has intricacies that defy the imagination. The evolutionary claim, however, still persists with the idea that the first cell was formed without a plan, neglecting the idea that naturalism is devoid of intelligence; a foundational ingredient for design. Each of our trillions of cells is encased in a plasma membrane containing the DNA in the nucleus and the messaging and machinery to create and maintain health and life.

A Leap of Evolutionary Faith

The concept of abiogenesis carries such a level of importance for evolutionists that faith alone seems to carry it forward in the absence of real evidence. Reference is still made to the experiment conducted in the 1950's by the Miller-Urey team at the University of Chicago [4]. The experiment supposedly demonstrated a possible environment in the pre-biotic Earth that generated amino acids, the "building blocks of life [5]." The experiment, although promoted as having been somewhat successful, did not produce life-giving substance which requires strings of specifically ordered amino acids [5]. The order and relationship of the molecules one-to-another do not occur naturally and necessitate the intervention of intelligence. The Miller-Urey results are somewhat more complex than can be addressed on this web site but additional information is available for those who wish more detail. Experiments are still being conducted but the creation of life from raw chemicals remains elusive.

Not to be deterred, however, there is still a belief that abiogenesis has occurred because the alternative (supernatural creation of life) is not acceptable to evolutionists. The following excerpts from an article written by George Wald, Nobel Laureate, in the Scientific American in 1954 indicate how evolutionary science will apply "faith" when necessary in the absence of fact. It should be noted that the evidence for abiogenesis (also referred to as spontaneous generation by Dr. wald) is still missing, even though more than sixty years have passed.

George Wald (1906-1997) Professor of Biology at Harvard University, The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1967
The following excerpts are available at (EV) quotes by Dr. Wald

The reasonable view was to believe in spontaneous generation; the only alternative, to believe in a single, primary act of supernatural creation. There is no third position. For this reason many scientists a century ago chose to regard the belief in spontaneous generation as a "philosophical necessity." It is a symptom of the philosophical poverty of our time that this necessity is no longer appreciated. Most modern biologists, having reviewed with satisfaction the downfall of the spontaneous generation hypothesis, yet unwilling to accept the alternative belief in special creation, are left with nothing. p.46

One has only to contemplate the magnitude of this task to concede that the spontaneous generation of a living organism is impossible. Yet here we are as a result, I believe, of spontaneous generation. p.46

The Important point is that since the origin of life belongs in the category of at least once phenomena, time is on its side. However improbable we regard this event, or any of the steps which it involves, given enough time it will almost certainly happen, at-least once. And for life as we know it, with its capacity for growth and reproduction, once may be enough.

Time is in fact the hero of the plot. The time with which we have to deal is of the order of two billion years. What we regard as impossible on the basis of human experience is meaningless here. Given so much time, the "impossible" becomes possible, the possible probable, and the probable virtually certain. One has only to wait: time itself performs the miracles.
p.48

Wherever life is possible, given time, it should arise. It should then ramify into a wide array of forms, differing in detail from those we now observe (as did earlier organisms on the earth) yet including many which should look familiar to us - perhaps even men.

We are not alone in the universe, and do not bear alone the whole burden of life and what comes of it. Life is a cosmic event -- so far as we know the most complex state of organization that matter has achieved in our cosmos. It has come many times, in many places -- places closed off from us by impenetrable distances, probably never to be crossed even with a signal.
p.53
... End Quotes

Statistical impossibility disproves Dr. Wald's "faith" in Abiogenesis/Spontaneous Generation

Statistical Improbability & Impossibility

To understand how probability might be applied to a natural cause of such magnitude as abiogenesis, the following example is given on the chance of selecting a winning lottery ticket:

In a typical 6/49 game, six numbers are drawn from a range of 49 and if the six numbers on a ticket match the numbers drawn, the ticket holder is a jackpot winner - this is true no matter in which order the numbers appear. The probability of this happening is 1 in 13,983,816.
Lottery description courtesy of: Wikipedia: Lottery Mathematics

Modifying the selection to that requiring six sequential numbers from the same forty-nine possibilities changes the odds from statistically improbable to almost, but not quite, an impossibility. "Possibility" still exists, albeit very remotely, given that the required numbers for the winning ticket actually are available, unlike abiogenesis. The probability of selecting six consecutive numbers is 1 in 10,068,347,520 (49x48x47x46x45x...). The odds change from millions to billions when sequence is introduced.

The Building Blocks of Life
NOTE: The requirements for the creation of life are far more complex than the following summary, but a conceptual understanding is critical to any discussion of Creation and Evolution.

When considering the sequence and order required for life, the chance probability for the formation of the complex properties of amino acids (the "building blocks of life") requires an imaginative stretch. Both sequence and relationship (chirality) [5] must be maintained even though the amino acid chain is in the thousands. One out-of-sequence or misdirected orientation (lack of left-handedness - see below) would cause the entire structure to be rejected.

In order for the molecules to contribute to life, the amino acid chain must consist of only left-handed structures. Imagine that each molecule is represented by a right or left handed glove. Each glove mirrors the other (see image below) but can not be fitted one into another in a chain. These have a chiral orientation (a mix of left and right-handedness.) The amino acids required for life must be oriented left glove to left glove with each glove signifying a molecule. The creation in nature of amino acids is a mix of left and right handedness. Even one incorrect orientation will neutralize the chain, rendering it not suited for the production of the proteins necessary for life. As the amino acid chain consists of thousands of molecules, the probability of the natural occurrence of non-chirality (all left-handedness) without a designer falls under the category of statistically impossible.


....

The odds for creating life without an intelligent source are incalculable. Now insert the hostile environment of a supposed "primordial soup" with random lightning strikes serving as a chemical catalyst to form the first cell. We are expected to believe that a natural, undirected event (or series of events) could produce life with all its complexities without a shred of undeniable evidence being presented.

A source for additional information on chirality and the amino acids that form the "building blocks of life" is offered by Dr. A. E. Wilder Smith (1915-1995) in his book The Natural Sciences Know Nothing of Evolution [6]. The chapter entitled Properties of the Building Blocks of Life: The Amino Acids and Their Chirality provided the initial background for this section. The late Dr. Wilder-Smith was a noted scientist and Christian conference speaker.

Dr. Wilder-Smith's book was critiqued and significantly maligned in an article from the National Center for Science Education (NCSE), citing supposedly numerous errors of science. The NCSE is a defender of evolution with an agenda to suppress alternate theories, but finds it difficult to understand that the truths of science cannot be negated by intimidation and protestations without evidence.

Dr. Francis Crick and the Primordial Soup
The idea that life may have originated naturally in a pre-biotic earth was not acceptable to Francis Crick, co-discoverer of the Double-Helix DNA molecule. Dr. Crick (1916-2004) and his colleague, James Watson, shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1962. He believed that the primordial soup was not a suitable environment for the generation of life and preferred the philosophy of Panspermia [7] as the source of the earth's organisms. Briefly, Panspermia holds the belief that life was generated somewhere in the universe beyond our planet and brought to Earth via meteor fragments. There are variations on the theory and Dr. Crick gave more credence to the process of Directed Panspermia.

Directed Panspermia - the intentional spreading of the seeds of life to other planets by an advanced extraterrestrial civilization, or the intentional spreading of the seeds of life from earth to other planets by humans.
(EV) Panspermia and the Origin of Life on Earth Panspermia-Theory.com, 2009.

The fact that one's belief in abiogenesis must find a less hostile environment than planet Earth to create the first cell, and requiring an alien civilization to do so, seems to be an indicator of desperation.

DNA double-helix molecule : Copyright (c) 2012 www.all-free-download.com

A Bitter Pill to Swallow
The great divide between creation and evolution is that at sometime and somehow there was an intervention to create life and that creation was ex nihilo (from nothing). The dilemma for the evolutionist is that there is a need to provide scientific and irrefutable evidence that non-living substance has developed a self-organizing, life-giving capability. Try as they may, the evidence is missing.

19 because what may be known of God is manifest in them, for God has shown it to them. 20 For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead, so that they are without excuse, 21 because, although they knew God, they did not glorify Him as God, nor became thankful, but became futile in their thoughts, and their foolish hearts were darkened. 22 Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools, Romans 1:19-22 NKJV

The words in bold above reinforce the fact that God has placed an understanding of His existence in all of humanity. Further, the words that "although they knew God" indicate that He can be clearly seen from His creation; but the choice of evolution is to follow a path of spiritual and scientific futility. The bitter pill is that all has failed in the search for a natural (non-supernatural) cause for the origin of life. Dr. George Wald summed up the reasoning for the continuation of this search with his implication that "a super-natural alternative to evolution by time and chance is unaccceptable."

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